What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a substance that your body need to build cells but too much of cholesterol will cause health problem. Cholesterol comes from two sources. Your body makes all the cholesterol that you need from the liver then the remainder coming from the food that you eat. Hyperglycemia is a condition there are high amount of cholesterol in the blood. If untreated these cholesterol’s will build-up in the blood vessel and increase your risk for stroke and heart diseases.

What causes high cholesterol?

The common cause of high cholesterol is an unhealthy lifestyle. The genes that we inherited from the family, other medical conditions and medications may also cause high cholesterol.

Who is at risk?

  • Risk that cannot be changed:
    • Old age
    • Family history
    • Genetic factors
    • Pre-existing conditions (Type 2 diabetes)
  • Risk that can be changed:
    • Obesity
    • Poor diet (high in saturated and trans-fat)
    • Physical inactivity
    • Cigarette smoking

Common Symptoms*

  • There are no common symptoms for high cholesterol.

The only way to detect if you have it is by a blood test. Ask your doctor if you should a cholesterol test. Children and young adults with no risk factors for heart disease are tested once between ages of 9 and 11 and again between the ages of 17 and 19. Retesting for adults with no risk factors for heart disease is usually done every five years. Your doctor might recommend more frequent measurements if results are not within desirable ranges, family history of high cholesterol, heart disease and or other factors such as smoking, diabetes or high blood pressure.

How is cholesterol treated?

Lifestyle changes such as exercising and eating a healthy diet are the first line of defense again high cholesterol. But if you have made these changes and your cholesterol level remain high, your doctor might recommend medications.

*Please consult with your health care provider before making any health care decisions or guidance about a specific medical condition.

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