What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a disease that affects your joint that cause pain, swelling and stiffness. This is autoimmune disease in which your body’s immune system which attacks the foreign substances such as bacteria and virus is now attacking the tissue supporting your joints. This disease occurs on more than one joints oftentimes on body side of the body. It is most commonly seen in women and older patients. You may feel sick and tired with this disease.

What Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis?

The exact cause of RA is still under research by the scientist. Some factors that might be involved such as gene inherited from the family, infections picked up from the environment or female gender is at higher risk than male.

Who is at risk?

  • Risk that cannot be changed:
    • Old age
    • Female gender
    • Genetics/inherited traits
  • Risk that can be changed:
    • Cigarette smoking
    • History of live births
    • Obesity
    • Stress

Common Symptoms*

  • Tender, warm, swollen joints
  • Joint stiffness that is usually worse in the mornings and after inactivity
  • Fatigue, fever, and loss of appetite

Early rheumatoid arthritis tends to affect your smaller joints first — particularly the joints that attach your fingers to your hands and your toes to your feet.

As the disease progresses, symptoms often spread to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips, and shoulders. In most cases, symptoms occur in the same joints on both sides of your body.

How is Rheumatoid Arthritis treated?

The treatment goal of RA is to relieve the pain, reduce swelling and slow down the joint damage. Most commonly used medications are:

  1. Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) – reduce the inflammation, the amount of swelling, and relief pain.
  2. Corticosteroids – reduce inflammation, swelling and relief pain.
  3. Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) and biologic response modifiers (biologics) – to reduce inflammation, swelling, pain and slow or prevent joint damage by target specific protein in the inflammatory process.

*Please consult with your health care provider before making any health care decisions or guidance about a specific medical condition.

Our highly trained staff are here to offer knowledge and breakthrough medications that improve the quality of life of those that live with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

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